concept of an inclusive growth process was first underlined in the
Eleventh Plan (2007-12) document, although similar concepts like
'broad-based growth, 'shared growth' or 'pro-poor growth' had
appeared in the growth literature even before. In view of the limited
gains in term of the human development indicators in spite of a high
economic growth in the preceding decade, this attention to inclusive
growth in the plan document was not surprising at all. During the
Ninth Plan period (1997-98 to 2001-02), the growth of the Indian
economy might have been moderate (5.5 percent), but during the Tenth
Plan period (2002-07), the growth rate was 7.7 percent, the second
highest among all the countries, behind only China. During the last
decade (2007-17), the growth momentum of the Indian economy was
disturbed, mainly because of the worldwide financial crisis that
erupted in 2008-09, but it had still been around 6-7 percent all
these years. In contrast, the Human Development Index (HDI) of India
has been consistently low, as per the UNDP's annual reports. Since
2010, UNDP has come up with a new parameter to measure poverty,
called Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI), replacing Human Poverty
Index (HPI). India's performance in this regard is dismal, poorer
than China, Sri Lanka, Kenya and Indonesia, as about 41.6 percent of
India's population live below the poverty line of $1.25 a day. It is
in this context that the India's growth strategy needs to be analyzed
and redefined. This requires a deeper understanding of the concept of
inclusive growth — what it means and what strategies can indeed
make a growth more inclusive.
begin with, one may first note that inclusive growth refers not just
to growth rate, but its 'pattern' as well. One specific aspect of
this pattern of growth is how equalizing is the growth process across
regions (since India is a large economy), sectors and social groups.
As regards equalization of regions, there is considerable literature
to show that, instead of a reduction, the regional inequalities has
indeed been widening over the years, except for a brief period during
the early years of planning in the fifties. However, during the last
two decades when the Indian economy has been functioning under a
liberalized framework, the process of widening of the regional
inequality has been faster. This trend is certainly not because
reduction in regional inequality or regional inclusiveness and fast
economic growth are incompatible planning objectives.
the Indian growth proves has failed to be inclusive is again apparent
when one can considers the 'sectoral' growth rates across the
economy. Between the two most broad sectors, agriculture and
non-agriculture, the growth rate has been much lower for the former.
This is quite expected as, with the growth in income, the demand for
non-agricultural products grows at a faster rate than for the
agricultural goods. But a faster growth rate for the non-agricultural
sector should normally be accompanied by a shift of population from
the agricultural to the non-agricultural sector; in other words, from
the rural to the urban economy. But, unfortunately, this has not been
the case in India. At present, nearly 60 percent of the Indian
population engaged in agriculture produce less than 15 percent of
total output, whereas the remaining 40 percent of the population
contribute more than 85 percent of total output. This is indeed a
dual economy and the economy now is indeed more dual than it was at
the time of independence. This only implies that the Indian growth
process has largely excluded its rural population who still
constitute nearly 70 percent of its population.
one were to considers the status of different social groups, it is
not easy to get adequate information on their well being, except for
the scheduled castes or tribes. But it is generally maintained that,
due to several policies all under the strategy of positive
discrimination, the living conditions of many disadvantaged social
groups have probably marginally improved, narrowing the social
inequality; but the existing level of inequality is still very high.
Secondly, several political movements for positive discrimination by
some disadvantaged communities other than scheduled castes and
tribes, only underline that they feel excluded from the recent growth
process of the Indian economy. This has led many economists to ask
the question — what makes the present Indian growth process less
than inclusive or, alternatively, under which conditions a growth
process becomes regionally, sectorally and socially inclusive.
Asian Development Research Institute (ADRI) proposes to organize a
two-day workshop where the invited experts will try to answer the
above question, viz, the conditions for inclusive growth. Apart the
overall macro-economic framework of a growth model that can ensure
inclusive growth, the question also needs to be addressed in terms of
some of the desired outcomes of inclusive growth, viz., livelihood
and employment opportunities, human development outcomes
(particularly education and health) and gender equality. Yet another
important dimension of the above question is the role of the state in
promoting inclusive development, although this role is now becoming
increasingly smaller in India.
Programme of the workshop
is proposed to invite 15 young scholars from the universities and
research institutes in Bihar in the workshop, all belonging to
disadvantaged sections of the population like scheduled castes,
scheduled tribes or other disadvantaged social groups. If possible,
the list of invited young scholars will also include scholars from
the adjoining state of Jharkhand. The workshop is proposed to be
organized on April 28-29, 2017. Dr. Barna Ganguly and Dr. Bakshi Amit
K Sinha, both faculty members at ADRI, will be the joint-coordinators
of the workshop.
Workshop will start with an Inaugural Session on Day 1, which will be
followed by 4 lectures (2 pre-lunch and 2 post-lunch). The day will
end with a Discussion Session where the learning outcomes of the
young scholars will be tested through their comments on the four
lectures of the day.
Day 2 again, there will be 4 lectures (3 pre-lunch and 1 post-lunch),
followed by a Discussion Session. The final Session will be devoted
to another round of discussions where the young scholars will try to
outline a research agenda for themselves. Both the Discussion Session
and the Research Agenda Session will be guided by one of the senior
scholars of ADRI.
Resource Persons of for the workshop will comprise some senior
scholars from the Asian Development Research Institute (ADRI), Patna
and the A N Sinha Institute of Social Studies (ANISISS), another
ICSSR Institute in Patna. In addition, it is also proposed to invite
6 outstation senior scholars who have made significant contribution
on different dimensions of inclusive growth. The list of outstation
scholars will be decided once the approval for the proposed Workshop
is obtained from the ICSSR-ERC.
Patna May 25. The Asian Development Research Institute (ADRI) organized a two-day (May 25-26, 2017) workshop on ‘Inclusive Growth Process'. The objective of the workshop is to expose young research scholars to the emerging ideas on the challenges of inclusive growth process in India to enrich their academic capacity. Around 30 research scholars are participating from different Universities of Bihar.
While inaugurating the workshop, Professor Qamar Ahsan, Vice Chancellor, Magadh University said that choice based credit system in the higher education may be implemented because it is student friendly. Professor Kameshwar Jha, Vice-Chairman, Bihar State Higher Education Council in his presidential address said that all the aspects of inclusive growth have been included in the workshop module.
In technical session, the first lecture was delivered by Professor Sunil Ray, Director A N Sinha Institute of Social Science on ‘Institutional Requirement of Inclusive Growth'. The second lecture was on ‘Role of Education on Inclusive Growth' delivered by eminent scholar Dr. Vinay K Kantha. Professor Nawal K Chaudhary, eminent Economist gave his lecture on ‘Inclusive Growth: Issues and Challenges'. The last lecture of the day on ‘Pattern of Social Sector Spending in India' was delivered by Dr. Nilachala Acharya, Research Coordinator. Workshop ended with an interactive session with participants and the faculty members Dr. Barna Ganguli, Dr. Bakshi Amit Kumar Sinha and Dr. Manish Kumar.
Dr. Shaibal Gupta, Member Secretary, ADRI welcomed the guests. Dr. Pradip K Chaudhary, Senior Consultant, Bihar State Higher Education Council was special guest of the occasion. Earlier, Professor Prabhat P Ghosh, Director, ADRI outlined the theme of the workshop. Dr. Brana Ganguli, Assistant Professor, ADRI proposed the vote of thanks.
Download: Programme Schedule of Workshop on Inclusive Growth Process