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Research Archive SRC Patna

2002-03

(I)    Impact of TLC on the Enrolment on Primary Education

Objectives:

The study was conducted in two districts, one TLC district (Siwan) and another non-TLC district (Saran) with a view to compare the achievements of the districts. The objectives of the study were as follow:

  1. The extent of change in enrolment in the elementary classes from I to VIII
  2. Change in drop-out / retention rates.
  3. Interface between school and immediate community and its implications with regards to overall educational environment.

Major Findings:

  1. Of the total population in 6-14 year age-group, 82 percent were enrolled in the school in Siwan, whereas in Saran the proportion was 80.
  2. As against the fixed number of 253 working days in the educational year, 55 percent schools in Siwan and 80 percent in Saran reportedly observed working days ranging from 221 to 240.
  3. As compares to Class I the drop-out rate in enrolment in Class V was 47 percent in Siwan and 56 percent in Saran
  4. The enrolment percentage of female children was comparatively more upto Class V in Siwan compared to Saran.
  5. The attendance of both boys and girls was more in Siwan (67.0 %) as compared to Saran (nearly 53.0 %). 

 (II)    Literacy Campaign, Voluntary Teachers and Social Capital.

Objective:

  1. The role of Volunteer Teachers in Literacy Programme.

Major Findings :

  1. Many Volunteer teachers backed by their experience in literacy campaign, have undertaken social mobilisation for economic, social, cultural and political development. 
  2. The literacy programme, wherever successful, played a role in generating social capital through raising literacy level and promoting social mobilisation .
  3. Since high achievements in TLCs have generally been characterised by high achievements of women learners, its contribution towards women empowerment appeared substantial. 

(III)    Status of Women Literacy Among the Muslims.

Major Findings:

  1. The literacy rate for Muslims (38.0 percent) is lower than the general population literacy (44.4 percent) in rural areas.
  2. The literacy for both Muslims and general population increased at an equal rate over the period.
  3. The enrolment of girls in schools is only marginally lower than for the boys, indicating considerable progress towards attaining gender parity.

(IV)    Role of Civil Society in implementation of CE Schemes.

The idea to dwell upon the concept of civil society and highlight its convergence with various government programmes for popularizing literacy in general and continuing education in particular, was a challenging task.  

Major Findings:

  1. The process of empowering the marginalized communities through the literacy programme met with a very limited success.
  2. NGOs are more acceptable to the community in performing the role of a civil society.

2003-04

(I)    Study on the Response of Population Control Practices in various social groups.

Objective:

  1. To assess the contraceptive use among males.
  2. To evaluate family planning practices in poor sections of the society. 
  3. To ascertain family planning practices among Muslims
  4. To assess the awareness level of family planning among lower sections of the society

Finding :

  1. Poor contraceptive use among males.
  2. Lower family planning practices among poor sections.
  3. Lower family planning practice among Muslims.
  4. Awareness among lower section of the people about family planning is found to be significant.

(II)    Administrative Lessons from National Literacy Mission :

Objectives :

  1. To identify the community participation in literacy programme.
  2. Assess the role of ZSS for social mobilization
  3. To examine the success level of literacy campaign.

Findings:

  1. The community participation is not merely a theoretical concept; rather it may also translate into practice.
  2. The ZSS had played crucial role of an institution variety of programmes for environment building and also accomplished the task of social mobilisation.

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