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International Conference on Bihar & Jharkhand: Shared History to Shared Vision

Research

  • For the three earlier Finance Commissions, ADRI had presented a memorandum to the Tenth and Eleventh Finance Commission on its own behalf and, for the Twelfth Finance Commission, it had prepared and submitted a memorandum on behalf of all the political parties and professional organisations in the state. This practice of submitting a joint memorandum, prepared by ADRI, was also continued for the Thirteenth Finance Commission. As before, this joint memorandum was appreciated by the Commission and it had added weightage to the memorandum by the state government, resulting in higher devolutions to Bihar. 

    The present Advocacy Paper first records below in brief the recommendations of the Thirteenth Finance Commission for Bihar. In addition, it also contains two memorandums, the first prepared by the CEPPF for the state government, and the second prepared by ADRI on behalf of the political parties and professional organisations.
  • The Centre, with ADRI had prepared a draft for the Twelfth Finance Commission, which could become a joint memorandum for all the political parties and professional organisations in Bihar. Fortunately, after a joint consultative meeting suggesting some modifications in the draft, it was signed by the representatives of all the parties and organisations and finally submitted to the Commission. This provided extra weightage to the demands of the state government, and this move was appreciated by the Finance Commission as well. This Advocacy Paper contains two memorandums presented to the Commission - one by the state government and other by the political parties and professional organisations, prepared by ADRI.
  • The Centre, with Georgia State University, USA is doing an extensive study on 'Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRI) Finance'. This is an ongoing project supported by the World Bank. The finance of the PRIs in Bihar sought to be analyzed in the study include level of total allocation and expenditure, the sectoral distribution of expenditure, adequacy and regularity of the resources and other related issues for the three years 2006-07, 2007-08, 2008-09. In addition, the study also finds out the capacity of the three tier of PRIs in terms of physical infrastructure and human resource endowments.
  • The Centre is conducting a study supported by the World Bank on a 'Socio-Economic Study of PRI'. This is an ongoing project. It is being conducted in 50 Gram Panchayats and based on response from 50 Mukhiyas, 100 ward members and 50 village PRAs, the study aims to analyse the social background of the elected Panchayat functionaries and Panchayat’s paid employees. Other dimensions of the study include the knowledge base of the functionaries, the decision making process of the Gram Panchayats ,the extent of matching between felt needs of the rural population and development programmes undertaken by Panchayats and finally the extent of social audit of the functioning of the Gram Panchayats.
  • The Centre in collaboration with Centre for Budget and Policy Studies (CBPS), Bangalore is working on ‘Development of a District Level Budget Information System’ for Patna district. It focuses on financial resources and expenditure patterns of local government bodies based on data extracted from their annual budgets and financial statements over a period of four to five years. It also analyses the sectoral and social prioritization of allocations. ‘Budgeting’ is a political process and the budget approached from a political economy perspective provides insights into the larger socio-political dynamics that underwrite the functioning of Panchayati Raj Institutions and Urban Local Bodies. The aim of the exercise is to create an information system on ‘local government’ budgets that generates meaningful results which can be the basis for action by elected representatives, functionaries and most importantly the people whose interests  are represented in these institutions.
  • The Centre in collaboration with Pratichi (India) Trust is working on the Functioning of Elementary Education System in Bihar. The study focuses on the functioning of primary and upper primary schools in Bihar including the infrastructure. The study also seeks to find the parental behavior towards elementary education as also peoples' participation in achieving 100 percent enrolments in promoting literacy, particularly among the unreached. The first report of the study entitled "Elementary Education in Bihar: Progress & Challenges" has already been published.

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